Maltodextrin is used as a thickening or filling agent in frozen food, dairy products, confectionery, soft drinks, fast food, and canned food. Though it’s considered safe, some are convinced it has potentially dangerous health effects.
What Is Maltodextrin?
Maltodextrin is a hydrolysis product between starch and starch sugar. It appears as a white or yellow powder, and has good fluidity and solubility, moderate viscosity, emulsification, stability, anti-recrystallization, and low water absorbency. Maltodextrin is used for food and beverage foam with good retention.
Possible Side Effects of Maltodextrin
Though Maltodextrin is regarded as safe supplement, there maybe some side effects: can affect your blood sugar
GRAS Affirmation: Yes
Generally recognized as safe (GRAS) is an American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) designation that a chemical or substance added to food is considered safe by experts, and so is exempted from the usual Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA) food additive tolerance requirements. Maltodextrin is considered safe.
Special Populations Precaution
There is a lot of concern about diet and nutrition for these population, like Newborns, children, pregnant, sensitive to Maltodextrin populations. Better consult to your doctor if you would like to intake Maltodextrin.
1. Assessment of the safety of hydrogenated resistant maltodextrin: reverse mutation assay, acute and 90-day subchronic repeated oral toxicity in rats, and acute no-effect level for diarrhea in humans. [J Toxicol Sci. 2013] Author: Yoshikawa Y, Kishimoto Y, Tagami H, Kanahori S.
2. Glycine, glycyl-glycine and maltodextrin based oral rehydration solution. Assessment of efficacy and safety in comparison to standard ORS. [Acta Paediatr Scand. 1990 May] Author: Bhan MK, Sazawal S, Bhatnagar S, Bhandari N, Guha DK, Aggarwal SK.
3. The dietary polysaccharide maltodextrin promotes salmonella survival and mucosal colonization in mice. [PLoS One. 2014 Jul 7] Author: Nickerson KP, Homer CR, Kessler SP, Dixon LJ, Kabi A, Gordon IO, Johnson EE, de la Motte CA, McDonald C.
4. Maltodextrin based proniosomes of nateglinide: Bioavailability assessment. [Int J Biol Macromol. 2014 Aug] Author: Sahoo RK, Biswas N, Guha A, Kuotsu K.
5. Biocatalytic Synthesis of Maltodextrin-Based Acrylates from Starch and α-Cyclodextrin. [Macromol Biosci. 2014 May 26] Author: Kloosterman WM, Spoelstra-van Dijk G, Loos K.