Propylparaben, the n-propyl ester of p-hydroxybenzoic acid. It is used in cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and foods. It is used as a preservative in water-based cosmetics, such as creams, lotions, shampoos and bath products. Though it’s considered safe, some are convinced it has potentially dangerous health effects.
What Is Propyl Paraben?
Propyl Paraben is a white powder used as an antifungal agent, mold inhibitor, and flavor protector. It can be used as a preservative in a variety of foods, chips, jams, jellies, etc.
Possible Side Effects of Propyl Paraben
Although Propyl Paraben generally regarded as a very safe and effective supplement, there can be some minor side effects. The side effects may:
- Eye damage
- Skin rash
- Intestinal cramping
- Throat irritation
- Upset stomach
GRAS Affirmation: Yes
Generally recognized as safe (GRAS) is an American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) designation that a chemical or substance added to food is considered safe by experts, and so is exempted from the usual Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA) food additive tolerance requirements. Propyl Paraben is considered safe.
Special Populations Precaution
There is a lot of concern about diet and nutrition for these population, like Newborns, children, pregnant, sensitive to Methyl Paraben populations. Better consult to your doctor if you would like to intake Propyl Paraben.
1. Hydrolytic enzymes production by Aspergillus section Nigri in presence of butylated hydroxyanisole and propyl paraben on peanut meal extract agar. [Rev Iberoam Micol. 2014 Apr-Jun] Author: Barberis CL, Landa MF, Barberis MG, Giaj-Merlera G, Dalcero AM, Magnoli CE.
2. Use of propyl paraben to control growth and ochratoxin A production by Aspergillus section Nigri species on peanut meal extract agar. [Int J Food Microbiol. 2009 Nov 30] Author: Barberis C, Astoreca A, Fernandez-Juri G, Chulze S, Dalcero A, Magnoli C.
3. Effect of propyl paraben on the dipalmitoyl phosphatidic acid vesicles. [J Colloid Interface Sci. 2007 Jul 15] Author: Panicker L.
4. Propyl paraben induces potassium efflux in Escherichia coli. [J Antimicrob Chemother. 2005 Jun] Author: Bredin J, Davin-Régli A, Pagès JM.
5. Safety assessment of propyl paraben: a review of the published literature. [Food Chem Toxicol. 2001 Jun] Author: Soni MG, Burdock GA, Taylor SL, Greenberg NA.