Thiamine, also known as thiamin or vitamin B1, is a vitamin found in food and used as a dietary supplement. As a supplement it is used to treat and prevent thiamine deficiency and disorders that result from it, including beriberi, Korsakoff’s syndrome, and Korsakoff’s psychosis. Though it’s considered safe, some are convinced it has potentially dangerous health effects.
What Is Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) ?
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) is a white crystals or crystalline powder. Primarily used as a nutraceutical, it is considered to be a dietary source of Vitamin B1 and can be found in many nutritional supplements or as an additive in many foods. It is an essential vitamin which has an impact on the body’s ability to digest carbohydrates as well as other benefits such as; improving mental state, maintaining nerve system, building muscles, and improved cardiac activity.
Possible Side Effects of Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)
Although Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) generally regarded as a very safe and effective supplement, there can be some minor side effects. The side effects may:
- difficulty in swallowing
- itching of skin
- swelling of face, lips, or eyelids
- wheezing or difficulty in breathing
GRAS Affirmation: Yes
Generally recognized as safe (GRAS) is an American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) designation that a chemical or substance added to food is considered safe by experts, and so is exempted from the usual Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA) food additive tolerance requirements. Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) is considered safe.
Special Populations Precaution
There is a lot of concern about diet and nutrition for these population, like Newborns, children, pregnant, sensitive to Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) populations. Better consult to your doctor if you would like to intake Vitamin B1 (Thiamine).
1. The effect of vitamin B1 on bleeding and spotting in women using an intrauterine device: a double-blind randomised controlled trial. [Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care. 2014 Jun] Author: Jafari A, Abedi P, Sayahi M, Torkashvand R.
2. Linking vitamin B1 with cancer cell metabolism. [Cancer Metab. 2013 Jul 24] Author: Zastre JA, Sweet RL, Hanberry BS, Ye S.
3. Therapeutic benefits of an oral vitamin B1 derivative for human T lymphotropic virus type I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP). [BMC Med. 2013 Aug 15] Author: Kira J.
4. Thiamine (vitamin B1) deficiency and associated brain damage is still common throughout the world and prevention is simple and safe! [Eur J Neurol. 2006 Oct] Author: Harper C.