Glycerol monostearate, commonly known as GMS, is an organic molecule used as an emulsifier. Though it’s considered safe, some are convinced it has potentially dangerous health effects.
What Is Glycerol monostearate?
Glycerol monostearate also known as Distilled Monoglyceride (DMG), is a high efficient food emulsifier with many uses including; emulsifying, dispersing, stabilizing, foaming, defoaming and starch anti-aging. It is widely used in food, medicine, daily chemicals, plastics, packaging and cosmetics industries, DMG is completely non-toxic and harmless to humans, but body intake is not unlimited.
Possible Side Effects of Glycerol monostearate
Glycerol monostearate is generally considered a safe ingredient. The side effects may cause nausea, diarrhea, dehydration.
GRAS Affirmation: Yes
Generally recognized as safe (GRAS) is an American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) designation that a chemical or substance added to food is considered safe by experts, and so is exempted from the usual Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA) food additive tolerance requirements. Glycerol monostearate is considered safe by FDA.
Special Populations Precaution
There is a lot of concern about diet and nutrition for these population, like Newborns, children, pregnant, sensitive to Glycerol monostearate populations. Better consult to your doctor if you would like to intake Glycerol monostearate.
1. Design of lipid matrix particles for fenofibrate: effect of polymorphism of glycerol monostearate on drug incorporation and release. [J Pharm Sci. 2014 Feb] Author: Xia D, Cui F, Gan Y, Mu H, Yang M.
2. A study of a co-processed dry binder composed of microcrystalline cellulose and glycerol monostearate. [Ceska Slov Farm. 2012 Oct] Author: Mužíková J, Muchová S.
3. Enhancing reaction rate of transesterification of glycerol monostearate and methanol by CO(2). [J Phys Chem A. 2007 Nov 29] Author: Song J, Hou M, Jiang T, Han B, Li X, Liu G, Yang G.