Sodium Propionate Side Effects

Sodium Propionate E281 is a white crystal powder that is odorless and has a little propionic acid smell. It is used as a food flavor and preservative in bakery products. Though it’s considered safe, some are convinced it has potentially dangerous health effects.

What Is Sodium Propionate E281?

Sodium propanoate E281 or sodium propionate is the sodium salt of propionic acid which has the chemical formula Na(C2H5COO). It is used as a food preservative and is represented by the food labeling E number E281 in Europe; it is used primarily as a mold inhibitor in bakery products. Sodium Propionate is approved for use as a food additive in the EU.

Possible Side Effects of Sodium Propionate E281

Although Sodium Propionate E281 generally regarded as a very safe and effective supplement, there can be some minor side effects. Possible side effects:

  • Abdominal discomfort
  • Gas
  • Nausea

GRAS Affirmation: Yes

Generally recognized as safe (GRAS) is an American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) designation that a chemical or substance added to food is considered safe by experts, and so is exempted from the usual Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA) food additive tolerance requirements. Sodium Propionate E281 is considered safe by FDA.

Suggested Dosage


Special Populations Precaution

There is a lot of concern about diet and nutrition for these population, like Newborns, children, pregnant, sensitive to Lactic Acid populations. Better consult to your doctor if you would like to intake Sodium Propionate E281.


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