Sodium Propionate E281 is a white crystal powder that is odorless and has a little propionic acid smell. It is used as a food flavor and preservative in bakery products. Though it’s considered safe, some are convinced it has potentially dangerous health effects.
What Is Sodium Propionate E281?
Sodium propanoate E281 or sodium propionate is the sodium salt of propionic acid which has the chemical formula Na(C2H5COO). It is used as a food preservative and is represented by the food labeling E number E281 in Europe; it is used primarily as a mold inhibitor in bakery products. Sodium Propionate is approved for use as a food additive in the EU.
Possible Side Effects of Sodium Propionate E281
Although Sodium Propionate E281 generally regarded as a very safe and effective supplement, there can be some minor side effects. Possible side effects:
- Abdominal discomfort
GRAS Affirmation: Yes
Generally recognized as safe (GRAS) is an American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) designation that a chemical or substance added to food is considered safe by experts, and so is exempted from the usual Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA) food additive tolerance requirements. Sodium Propionate E281 is considered safe by FDA.
Special Populations Precaution
There is a lot of concern about diet and nutrition for these population, like Newborns, children, pregnant, sensitive to Lactic Acid populations. Better consult to your doctor if you would like to intake Sodium Propionate E281.
1. Interactions of alfalfa hay and sodium propionate on dairy calf performance and rumen development. [J Dairy Sci. 2014 Apr] Author: Beiranvand H, Ghorbani GR, Khorvash M, Nabipour A, Dehghan-Banadaky M, Homayouni A, Kargar S.
2. Concomitant changes in progesterone catabolic enzymes, cytochrome P450 2C and 3A, with plasma insulin concentrations in ewes supplemented with sodium acetate or sodium propionate. [Animal. 2008 Aug] Author: Lemley CO, Koch JM, Blemings KP, Krause KM, Wilson ME.
3. Evaluation of genotoxic effects of sodium propionate, calcium propionate and potassium propionate on the root meristem cells of Allium cepa. [Food Chem Toxicol. 2008 Jun] Author: Türkoğlu S.
4. Mixed micellization and interfacial properties of dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide and tetraethyleneglycol mono-n-dodecyl ether in absence and presence of sodium propionate. [J Colloid Interface Sci. 2006 Jun 1] Author: Dar AA, Chatterjee B, Rather GM, Das AR.